Gershon Baskin

To be a free people


Gershon Baskin. Photo: Otmar Steinbicker

‘To be a free people, in our land, Eretz Zion and Jerusalem.” That’s the line that always gets me when we sing our national anthem. It is always when we reach the end and we sing out our freedom that I get that chill up my spine. It always happens – and has happened for as long as I remember.

For me, Israel is “home” in the deepest sense of the word. For me to live in the land of my people and to feel free where I belong is a great privilege that I am grateful for every day.

This year’s independence celebrations were marked with the expressions of joy over the 50 years of liberation and unity of Jerusalem. Throughout Remembrance Day and Independence Day the words “eternal united Jerusalem” must have been said at least every two minutes by every public speaker in every official gathering. Excuse me, dear readers, but never has a lie been repeated so many times by so many people while so few even begin to question it. We may fool ourselves, but we don’t fool anyone else, as was demonstrated by the most recent UNESCO decision regarding Jerusalem.

Our capital of Jerusalem, our historic city, my home and the only place in the world I want to make my home in is not united, is not recognized as being united and is not even recognized as our capital.

Yes, that saddens me. Jerusalem is a very divided city. It is an open city, without physical divisions for most Jerusalemites (there are about 120,000 Jerusalemites who live behind the separation barriers, and for them there are most definitely physical divisions in Jerusalem). But the divisions in Jerusalem are geo-political, identity based and psychological; there are many walls of fear.

There is the most obvious division, between Israelis and Palestinians, but also divisions among the Palestinians themselves, and yes, also among us Israelis.

When two Jerusalemites from two of the many different communities that make up Jerusalem describe their city, there is little doubt that they will describe two completely different places. I know that when I meet with my Palestinian Jerusalemite friends, our views of Jerusalem and our points of reference in Jerusalem are of two entirely different cities. Yes it is possible that this happens in other cities as well – but no other city that I know of has so many people shouting out its unity as much as Jerusalem.

Some 350,000 people – about one-third of Jerusalemites – are not even citizens of the country in which they are living. Their official legal status means their presence here is temporary and arbitrary. Thousands of homes which they built and in which they live are devoid of legal status because their city officials and those of the country in which they are residents do not legalize zoning and building plans and building permits.

A large majority of the poorest people living in Jerusalem are Palestinians. There is a lack of more than 1,500 classrooms to provide public education to these people. The highest rate of crime and the lowest rate of law enforcement are in the areas of Jerusalem where Palestinians live. The Palestinian Jerusalemites cannot vote in Israel’s national elections, nor do they want to. They pay taxes to the State of Israel, but are not represented in the government.

For them Jerusalem is definitely not the united, eternal capital of the State of Israel and the Jewish People.

No, Jerusalem is not united. No, Jerusalem is not recognized as the capital of Israel. Not even West Jerusalem is recognized as the capital of Israel. It has been universally agreed and understood that the status of Jerusalem must be determined through negotiations between Israel and Palestine. It has been universally agreed and understood that Jerusalem is a holy city not only to Jews but also to Christians and Muslims and that the recognition of that fact and the protection of holy places for all three religions must be engraved in political agreements between Israel and Palestine and ratified by the international community. Only when there is agreement between Israel and Palestine – which most likely means that there will be two national capitals in one open Jerusalem – then Jerusalem will be recognized as the capital of Israel.

It is not really relevant that no other people has had its capital in Jerusalem. Nor is it particularly relevant right now that King David established his capital in Jerusalem 3,000 years ago. Nor is it particularly relevant that Jerusalem is mentioned hundreds of times in our holy scriptures or that we constantly pray toward Jerusalem and express our longings to be in Jerusalem. When our capital, our eternal city, is also home to hundreds of thousands who are not part of our story and they have their own story, their own claims, their own rights, we cannot honestly claim unity and freedom in Jerusalem.

I love Jerusalem and I celebrate its uniqueness – its diversity, richness, traditions, music, smells, foods, colors, neighborhoods, its air, atmosphere and sites.

I cross boundaries in Jerusalem and never want to see this city divided by walls (except the Old City walls).

I will truly celebrate our freedom in Jerusalem when our Palestinian neighbors are also free to celebrate their freedom – then Jerusalem will be united in reality.

Gershon Baskin ist Autor des Aachener Friedensmagazins Seine Beiträge finden Sie hier

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Beiträge von Gershon Baskin

To be a free people

The Day after Independence Day

Prisoners, strikes and rights

The inevitability of peace

From Washington to Jerusalem

Eight pieces of advice to Trump envoy Jason Greenblatt

Becoming a real, effective democracy requires a real, effective opposition

Only two states – nothing else

The fatal Israeli-Gaza mistake (2)

The fatal Israeli-Gaza mistakes

The wisdom to limit our rights

Where to, Israel?

Get out of our lives already!

The authority of the Authority


The state of denial

Settlements, annexation and the death of Zionism

It’s not just the economy

Encountering peace?

Building a shared society

Excuse me for asking

Secret back channels


The Left is right

A moment of opportunity

The worst negotiations, the best negotiations

Palestinian suffering makes no sense for Israel

Creating a compelling vision for peace

It is also in our hands

There is no partner


The partnership challenge

A new intifada?

After Abbas

A bad agreement is better than no agreement

Israel’s strategic choices regarding Gaza


Jerusalem of peace, Jerusalem of war

The Gaza challenge

Is Hamas prepared to end this war with a long-term ceasefire?

Some thoughts this morning

Regional forum for security and stability – Gaza first

After a long phone conversation with a Hamas leader in Gaza

Don’t destroy Gaza, build it!

Framework document for the establishment of permanent peace (part 3 of 3)

Framework document for the establishment of permanent peace (part 2 of 3)

Framework document for the establishment of permanent peace


My Conversation With Hamas

Keine Fortsetzung des Unilateralismus!

Diesen Weg müssen wir einschlagen!


Eine Ein-Staat-Realität ist nicht durchführbar

Mord an der Chance für Ruhe

Das Ende des Raketenbeschusses aus Gaza

Es gibt einen Ausweg

Atomwaffen raus aus dem Arsenal

Was Abbas Israel sagen sollte

Ist mein zionistischer Traum gestorben?